Enclave at the Cathedral
- Handel Architects
- 400 West 113th Street, New York
- 2016 Handel Architects LLP
Frank Fusaro AIA, Partner, Lead Designer
Gary Handel FAIA, Managing Partner
Elga Killinger AIA, Project Architect
Honyi Wang, Project Designer
T.G. Nickel & Associates
Traffic / Parking
Philip Habib & Associates
Development Consulting Services
Joseph Neto & Associates, Inc.
Cerami & Associates
Gilsanz Murray Steficek
Site / Civil / Survey
Aarris Atepa Architects
Gross Built Area
403,000 square feet
Enclave is a new residential development located on the property of Manhattan's Cathedral of St. John the Divine, the fourth largest Cathedral in the world. The new residences sit adjacent to the Cathedral, at the corner of West 113th Street and Amsterdam Avenue, on a site that formerly housed stone sheds where granite was cut for the construction of the church. Given the proximity of the new building to the Cathedral, the siting, massing, and design were critical.
In response, Enclave is set back on all sides, providing a continuous border of landscape and an extension of the Cathedral campus to the street edge. The building is stepped to open views of the Cathedral’s North Tower at Amsterdam Avenue, and a new landscaped plaza is created at the intersection of West 113th Street. The fifteen-story building is separated into two volumes along its 113th Street frontage, opening views of the Cathedral’s Transept, and a new grand stair provides access to the Cathedral’s nave. The carving of the building’s corners and setbacks allows multiple interior views of the Cathedral, as well as to Morningside Park to the northeast.
The Enclave’s façade is composed of a series of different shaped cast-in-place structural concrete ribs, derived from the transformation of the Cathedral’s buttresses. The depth of the ribs varies along West 113th Street, creating an articulated façade that changes as one moves around the building. When viewed obliquely, the ribs obscure the glazing and unify as a building face. At the top of the building, the concrete ribs taper and separate from the glass façade, mimicking the Cathedral’s buttresses. At the bottom, this same tapering increases the size of the landscape border.
The hand-chiseled concrete of the stepped Amsterdam Avenue façade recalls the work that once took place on the site and presents a quiet deferential expression to the Cathedral. Along Morningside Drive, the solidity of the building disappears, and becomes an abstract form of glass, contained within a delicate concrete frame.
Inside, the entrance lobby connects the eastern and western portions of the building by way of a sky-lit gallery below the new transept stairs. The gallery and amenity spaces open to an outdoor terrace overlooking the park. The building interiors follow the material expression of the exterior and contain 430 apartment homes.